Guyana (pronounced /ɡaɪˈɑːnə/ or /ɡaɪˈænə/), officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a sovereign state on the northern mainland of South America. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Brazil to the south and southwest, Suriname to the east and Venezuela to the west. With 215,000 square kilometres (83,000sqmi), Guyana is the third-smallest country on mainland South America after Uruguay and Suriname.
The region known as "Guyana" comprised the large shield landmass north of the Amazon River and east of the Orinoco River known as the "Land of many waters". Originally inhabited by several indigenous groups, Guyana was settled by the Dutch before coming under British control in the late 18th century. It was governed as the plantation economy of British Guiana until independence in 1966, and officially became a republic within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. The legacy of British rule is reflected in the country's diverse population, which includes Indian, African, Amerindian, and multiracial groups.
The Commonwealth realm of Guyana, officially known as "Guyana", was a predecessor to the modern-day Guyana and an independent state that existed between 26 May 1966 and 23 February 1970.
British rule ended in 1966, when Guyana was given independence as a Commonwealth realm by the Guyana Independence Act 1966 which transformed the British Crown Colony of British Guiana into the independent sovereign constitutional monarchy of Guyana with the British monarch as head of state. Guyana shared the Sovereign with the other Commonwealth realms, and the monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Guyana. The royal succession was governed by the English Act of Settlement of 1701. The following governors-generals held office in Guyana during the dominion period:
There is a strong possibility that from 2022, Guyana can begin accessing climate financing from international private and public sector sources, an arrangement similar to the REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation) agreement that allowed Guyana to earn US$250 million from 2010.
Esso Exploration and ProductionGuyanaLimited (EEPGL)—ExxonMobil Guyana—has secured and deployed another supply vessel, adding to its fleet of 24 already in operation ... ExxonMobil additionally, currently has some six drill ships in operations in various oil blocks offshore Guyana.
Guyana’s Tax Giveaway ... This would be presented by the oil companies to the American tax authorities to prevent being taxed on their profits which are shipped from Guyana to their head offices. Sanzillo estimates that Guyana may receive annual oil payments that amount to approximately US$6.8 billion in pre-tax revenue from 2021 to 2025.
An ExxonMobil-led consortium has made a "significant" discovery at Whiptail, on Guyana's offshore Stabroek block that could form the basis for a future oil development on the block's southeast area and add to current estimates of 9 billion boe of recoverable resources, according to partner Hess Corp.
GAC office will oversee vessels for regional projects in Trinidad & Tobago, Guyana and Suriname and services to move crew, cargo, bunker and spares, as well as procurement, ship agency and logistics services ...Puerto Rico, St Martin, Guyana and many other destinations.
The British Guiana 1c Magenta is the only surviving stamp from a small batch printed in what is now Guyana, after a ship carrying a delivery of standard stamps from Britain turned up with the wrong order ... .
The stamp is the only survivor of a small batch printed on the former British colonyBritish Guiana – now the nation of Guyana – in 1856 after a ship from England that was thought to be delivering 50,000 stamps arrived carrying only 5,000.